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Turkmenistan PEOPLE 2014

SOURCE: 2014 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Turkmenistan PEOPLE 2014
SOURCE: 2014 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 28, 2014

Nationality:
noun: Turkmen(s)
adjective: Turkmen

Ethnic groups:
Turkmen 85%, Uzbek 5%, Russian 4%, other 6% (2003)

Languages:
Turkmen (official) 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%

Religions:
Muslim 89%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, unknown 2%

Population:
5,113,040 (July 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 119
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 26.7% (male 690,673/female 673,271)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 20.8% (male 535,131/female 528,473)
25-54 years: 41.8% (male 1,058,811/female 1,079,697)
55-64 years: 6.5% (male 157,474/female 176,088)
65 years and over: 4.2% (male 92,891/female 120,531) (2013 est.)

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 48.3 %
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 42.2 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6.1 %
potential support ratio: 16.5 (2013)

Median age:
total: 26.2 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 25.8 years
female: 26.6 years (2013 est.)

Population growth rate:
1.15% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 104
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
19.53 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 91
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
6.18 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 160
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-1.88 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 161
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Urbanization:
urban population: 48.7% of total population (2011)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 1.91% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
ASHGABAT (capital) 637,000 (2009)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2013 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
24.6 (2006 est.)
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
67 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 90
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 39.48 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 60
male: 47.17 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 31.41 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 69.16 years
country comparison to the world: 156
male: 66.18 years
female: 72.29 years (2013 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.12 children born/woman (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 108
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
61.8% (2000)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
2.7% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 183
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
2.44 physicians/1,000 population (2007)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
4.1 beds/1,000 population (2011)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved:

urban: 89.1% of population
rural: 53.7% of population
total: 71% of population
unimproved:
urban: 10.9% of population
rural: 46.3% of population
total: 29% of population (2011 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved:

urban: 100% of population
rural: 98.2% of population
total: 99.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1.8% of population
total: 0.9% of population (2011 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
less than 0.1% (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 137
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
fewer than 200 (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 156
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
fewer than 100 (2004 est.)
country comparison to the world: 137
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
13.2% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 125
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
NA
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.6%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.5% (2011 est.)


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Turkmenistan on this page is re-published from the 2014 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Turkmenistan PEOPLE 2014 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Turkmenistan PEOPLE 2014 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






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